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Get more margin and less risk

Keeping fuel costs within a predictable range protects you from unexpected changes in the price of fuel. Changes that could otherwise seriously impact your budget and profit margin.

Zero cost collar 

Zero Cost Collar is a paper hedge agreement designed to keep your fuel prices within an agreed price range. Also known as cap and floor.

 

Here's an example of how it works

To begin, you and Global agree upon:

  • the monthly volume
  • an appropriate fuel price index (Platts/Argus)
  • a hedging period (e.g. 3 months)
  • a Cap Price (e.g. 100 per tonne)
  • a Floor Price (e.g. 90 per tonne)

 

Month 1

Monthly average settles at 110 per metric tonne (10 above the Cap Price. Global pays you 10 per tonne in cash, compensating you for the increase in spot prices. 

 

Month 2 

Monthly average settles at 95 per metric tonne - i.e. between the Cap and Floor Prices. There is no settlement, and you will be exposed to the changes in spot prices within this range. 

 

Month 3

Monthly average settles at 95 per metric tonne (5 below the Cap Price). You pay Global 5 per tonne in cash, which counterbalances the lower spot prices. 

 

Result

Protection against increasing prices, yet benefit from some decline in fuel prices until the Floor Price is exceeded. 

At the end of each calendar month, the settlement amount is based on the difference between the monthly average of the price index and the Cap or Floor Price. 

 

Three good reasons to use this strategy:

  • Rising fuel prices would seriously undermine your business
  • You would like to benefit from falling prices after having fixed your maximum fuel prices
  • You would rather establish a floor level than pay an upfront cap premium

 

Benefits Disadvantages
Protection from price increases Opportunity loss when prices fall
Flexibility in physical supply Potential basis risk
No upfront premium Margin calls

 

Morten Grønbech Terp

Senior Oil Risk Manager

+4588380008

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